A collection of tips on how to begin photography, makes the perfect starting point for a beginner to emerge and hopefully, begin taking better photos much smoother. This article provides a great collection of tips that can help any photographer who is willing to learn more to start taking professional quality pictures.
Field depth is a critical feature when shooting landscapes. Establish a sense of scale by placing an object within the foreground of your picture. If you want more sharpness in your photos, especially in the fore- and background, opt for a smaller aperture. This means an aperture of f/8 in a general digital camera or no more than f/16 in full-frame SLR cameras.
Direct sunlight is actually a guaranteed way to ruin pictures that would otherwise be beautiful. It causes odd shadows and glare, and direct sunlight in the eyes of the photographer or the person being filmed is never good. The best time to capture outdoor shots is either early in the morning or late in the evening.
Consider documenting your souvenirs with photography during your travels. Having the back-story on these things, such as where they were purchased or obtained, brings new depth to the items photographed. This photographic memento creates a lasting memory of the context in which you made your purchase and makes it even more meaningful when you return home.
Anyone can become a great photographer, there are no secret methods. Experience and persistence are both necessary. Feel free to experiment; there is no need to develop or keep all of the photos you take, especially if you use a digital camera. Editing, browsing, and critiquing your photographs after you've taken them will eventually lead you to taking better pictures.
In most instances, the subject's eyes are looking right at the camera. Get your subject to look away from the camera for a more unique shot. Tell them to focus on something that the camera can't see. Try to capture moments when the subject is not expecting to be photographed.
Some people imagine white to be a great color for portraits, yet it is absolutely not. As most modern cameras are preset to automatically focus, they attempt to distinguish all of the colors in the shot before taking it. If you are wearing too much white, you can end up looking washed out in your photographs.
Don't dawdle when taking your shot. You never know when that perfect shot will occur, or if something may cause your subject to leave. Taking your shots quickly ensures you are always ready to capture that ideal image. People can tire holding a smile, animals can run, or you could lose that "perfect" candid moment and then the moment will have passed. While camera settings are important, you should never lose a shot trying to get a camera set just so.
Try to have frames in each of the shots you take. Not just placing a wooden or metal frame around your shots, but a "natural" one. Consider looking at the environment you're photographing in and using elements of nature to frame your shot. This helps to build your compositional skills.
Explore the various makes, models, and brands of equipment to find which works the best for you. Most photographers go with the Big Two: Nikon and Canon. However, there are other reputable equipment manufacturers out there.
Buy a solid, but cheap tripod for good pictures. Even the slightest movements are noticeable if you are taking photos of action shots or low-speed shots. A tripod solves blurring problems by keeping the camera perfectly still. A quality tripod will make your pictures much more professional looking.
If you are taking landscape photos, a tripod can help you take better shots. Investing in a good tripod helps to avoid capturing your own movement when taking photographs. The steady base is especially useful when capturing landscapes.
If you're standing in front of a small child, you're going to be angling the camera down toward the top of his or her head. By squatting down until your eyes are level with the child's eyes, you are going to end up with a much nicer photograph. It's a simple trick which goes a long way.
Learn which scenes require the use of a flash and which do not. Don't just use the flash all the time. Too much light can ruin a great shot. Use it when you're shooting in low-light.
Holding a camera may seem basic, but it can make or break your pictures. This is key because without the right holding procedures, you're not getting the best image possible. Your arms should be close to your torso, and your non-dominant hand should support the lens and keep as still as possible.
When you know you will be snapping photos in poor lighting, bump your shutter speed up a bit. This will prevent blurring which happens when you take the picture. Use a speed that is 1/200th to 1/250th of a second.
Shutter speeds can give different effects when varied. As you try to capture subjects in motion, opt for a faster shutter speed. This eliminates blurring and distortion, and allows for quicker responses. This technique is crucial at sporting events. Motion blur can be taken advantage of by using a shutter speed that is slow. This method is particularly effective for photographing running water.
Crop your photos to make them look even better. There are times you may think your photo would be excellent if it weren't for that sock laying in the background. There are other times when it's a near perfect image, but it is slightly off-center. These issues can be easily fixed with some simple cropping.
Remember that capturing emotions in a photograph is not limited to only smiles. Compelling photographs capture people as they truly exist. Sadness and grief are depicted in photography often because the emotions are genuine. Whether you're trying to make a grand statement or just take a simple photograph, it'll turn out if the emotions expressed are genuine.
This article has provided you with advice to get you on the path of photography excellence. Think of this article as a short guide to photography. It covers the basics but still requires you to practice and develop your own style.
Image by Smithsonian Institution